Monarda didyma 'Panorama Red' also known as bee balm is a superb variety with distinctive deep red flower heads.
Each plant bears up to 20 long stems. They bloom profusely, are as long-lasting as they are dramatic and are excellent for cutting. They are also extremely attractive to bees and butterflies.
The plant has a long flowering season, from early summer to early autumn, and will bloom almost continuously if dead-headed periodically.
|When to sow
|Sow indoors February to April, or outside in March to May and August and September.
|Sow indoors thinly in compost filled pots or trays, 0.5cm (1/4in) deep and cover the seeds with a very fine sprinkling of compost or vermiculite.
|Where to sow
|Sow direct where they are to flower 0.5cm (¼in) deep, into finely-prepared, well-drained soil, which has already been watered.
|What to do next
For seeds sown indoors, when seedlings are large enough to handle and all risk of frost has passed, acclimatise indoor raised seedlings to outdoor conditions over 7 to 10 days.
Then transplant into final growing position planting them 30cm (12in) apart.
|Water well until plants are established.
|Thin direct sown seedlings to 30cm (12in) apart when they are large enough to handle
|Deadhead to prolong flowering and encourage new flower buds.
|June - September. Autumn sowings will flower earlier the following spring.
|Harvest cut flowers anytime during the flowering period.
|Clumps should be divided every three years to remove excess woody growth which will over time retard good growth.
|Beds and borders, make excellent cut flowers. Can be grown in pots and containers too.
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